Epworth Sleepiness Scale¹
Name: __________________________________________ Date: ______________________
D.O.B: ___________________ Sex: _____
How likely are you to doze off or fall asleep in the following situations, in contrast to feeling just tired?
This refers to your usual way of life in recent times.
Even if you have not done some of these things recently try to work out how they would have affected you.
Use the following scale to choose the most appropriate number for each situation.
0 = no chance of dozing
1 = slight chance of dozing
2 = moderate chance of dozing
3 = high chance of dozing
It is important that you answer each question as best you can.
Chance of dozing (0-3)
Sitting and reading
Sitting inactive in a public place ( e.g. a theatre or a meeting)
As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break
Lying down to rest in the afternoon when circumstance permit
Sitting and talking to someone
Sitting quietly after lunch without alcohol
In a car, while stopped for a few minutes in traffic
Total: / 24
Interpretation of ESS Total Score
0 – 10 Normal
11 – 24 Abnormal – Clinical review recommended
1 Introduced in 1991 by Dr Murray Johns of Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
(Copyright © M.W.Johns 1990-1997) Johns MW Sleep 1991; 14(6): 540-545.